Focal therapy gives intermediate spot treatment for men with localized prostate cancer. This cancer is customarily operated either with “watchful waiting” or x-rays and surgery. Focal therapy practices surgical removal to target the index lesion, defined as the lesions with the highest cancer suspicion score. The aim is to maintain cancer by restraining the growth of the index lesion.
How Can You Detect Prostate Cancer During its Stages?
When we analyze the stages of the prostate cancer it mainly involves how large is tumor, has the tumor spread in the nearby lymph nodes and finally whether the cancer has metastasized to different parts of the body.
During the first stage on the basis of digital rectal examination (DRE), the prostate cancer cannot be deduced. When the surgery is carried out for another reason usually benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it may be found. In stage 2 the tumor could be detected inside the prostate and can be easily detected by the digital rectal examination (DRE). As we approach the third stage the tumor has grown through the prostate on one side and into the tissue just outside the prostate. In the last or the fourth stage the tumor grows into the nearby structures other than the seminal vesicles like the sphincter muscles which is responsible to control urination.
What is Focal Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer?
There are different stages of prostate cancer. In the initial stages, the cancer is spread in the localized area which may ultimately end up entering into the bones in the last stage. To check cancer at this localized spread over stage wherein cancer has spread (metastasized) no farther than the tissue surrounding the prostate gland, Focal therapy treatment is found applicable.
The Two Strategies Applied for Localized Prostate Cancer Treatment
For several years there existed two main strategies to treat localized prostate cancer. The first is active surveillance or watchful waiting. In instances of older men or patients with low risk, routine medical examinations were carried to make sure whether the growth is spreading or not. No additional step is taken as the cancer is constant or growing gradually which will not induce obstacles any time soon.
If the outcome of tests shows that the cancer is increasing, treatment can be commenced. In most of the men designated to active monitoring ultimately require surgery or radiation. The second approach for managing localized prostate cancer has continued till date wherein there is the use of radiation or surgery.
Side Effects of The Therapy
With focal therapy, it becomes satisfying for removing any tumors present but normally, it generates adverse side effects in the urinary, genital, or rectal areas. The most common side effects observed are urinary incontinence and impotence which means the inability to maintain an erection.
Focal therapy allows a middle-ground approach and the idea behind focal therapy is to lessen the amount of suffering of the prostate gland and encompassing areas while still managing cancer completely.
It’s true that in many circumstances of prostate cancer have more than one tumor site, some experts believe that the index lesion is what motivates and predicts how any particular cancer will transgress. Therefore, if the growth of the index lesion can be regulated with focal therapy, the thought is that cancer as a whole can be managed with fewer bad side effects.
India has always recorded low rates of cancer when compared to the rest of the developed world, but that’s changing very quickly. Now there has been a drastic increase in prostate related cancer. So if you are looking for prostate cancer treatment in Delhi, you can meet Dr AK Saini a renowned urologist to get the best remedy.