The bladder is an elastic, hollow organ in the pelvic region that collects urine before it moves out from the body during urination, because of this role, it makes the bladder an essential part of the urinary tract.
The bladder, just as the any other part of the urinary tract, is lined with a band of cells known as urothelium. This layer of cells is secluded from the bladder wall muscles called muscularis propria, by a thin, fibrous band known as lamina propria.
Bladder cancer is the abnormal growth of healthy cells in the bladder lining that grows excessively and out of control, forming a mass called a tumour.
A tumour is of two types malignant and benign.
A malignant or a cancerous tumour is malignant, which means it can grow and expand to join other body parts.
A benign tumour grows but does not spread to other body parts.
There are three main types of bladder cancers:
The treatment of bladder cancer depends on various factors such as grade, type and stage, of a tumour; potential side effects; and the patient’s decisions considering the overall well-being.
Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC)
This type of cancer is normally fully removed during a procedure called transurethral bladder tumour resection (TURBT).
The urologist may suggest further treatments to decrease the risk of a relapse, as seen in the case of chemotherapy delivered through a catheter or immunotherapy.The urologist may recommend additional treatments to reduce the risk of a recurrence, such as chemotherapy delivered through a catheter or immunotherapy.
Biopsy: it is the elimination of a tissue sample after examining under a microscope by a pathologist to check the growth of cancer cells
Immunotherapy: This method is used to restore immune system function with the use of biomaterials of your own body or cultivated in a laboratory for improving and, targeting the cancer cells.
Catheter:Catheter is a hollow tube that is put through the urethra for draining the urine or for delivering drugs for intravesical chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy: The method of cancer treatment is extensively used for killing cancer cells
Cystoscopy: Treatment Method where a urologist places a small, hollow viewing tube known as cystoscope into the urethra for viewing into the bladder.
Immunotherapy: The use of materials made either by the body or in a laboratory to improve, target, or restore immune system function
Metastasis:metastasis refers to the spreading of cancer from its point of origin to another part of the body
Prognosis: Chance of recovery Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy x-rays to destroy cancer cells
Tumor: An unusual growth of body tissue is called a tumor.
TURBT(transurethral resection of bladder tumour): Procedure that removes the tumor with a small wire loop, a laser, or high-energy electricity
TURBT(transurethral resection of a bladder tumour):Procedure that removes a tumour with a small wire loop, a laser, or high-energy electricity
Urologic oncologist: A Urologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancers of the urinary tract. Dr. Ashish Saini is also the best urologist in Delhi who gives the most advanced treatment for all urinary troubles including the bladder cancer.